The cornea serves as the transparent front portion of the eye, enabling the passage of light. Moreover, it contributes to 2/3 of the eye’s focusing ability. The occurrence of any disease or swelling in the cornea can result in corneal clouding and lead to a decline in vision.
However, corneal swelling can occasionally occur as a complication after cataract surgery, and most of the time it goes away if the recognized Escondido eye care center’s professionals provide the right treatment.
Let’s examine some of the main causes of corneal swelling that cataract surgery may bring about.
- Fluctuations in Intraocular Pressure – Variations in intraocular pressure (IOP) during surgery can impact the cornea. Elevated IOP or rapid changes in pressure can affect the delicate balance of fluid in the eye and contribute to postoperative corneal swelling.
- Existing Conditions – Patients with pre-existing corneal conditions, such as Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy, may be more susceptible to corneal swelling after cataract surgery. These conditions compromise the health of the corneal endothelium.
- Inflammation – Postoperative inflammation, a common response to surgery, may lead to the release of inflammatory mediators and increased permeability of blood vessels, contributing to corneal swelling.
- Long Duration of Surgery – Extended surgical durations increase the risk of corneal edema. Extended exposure to surgical procedures and external stimuli could potentially exacerbate swelling.
- Cell Damage – Damage to the corneal endothelial cells, which help maintain corneal clarity, can occur during cataract surgery due to factors like surgical trauma, increased intraocular pressure, or the use of ultrasound energy.
It is important to remember that corneal swelling following cataract surgery is comparatively rare and that most cases go away with the right care, such as anti-inflammatory drugs and careful observation by West Coast Eye Care Escondido specialists.
How do Escondido eye care professionals treat corneal swelling?
- Eye care Professionals often prescribe medications, such as eye drops, to lower intraocular pressure. These medications may work by reducing the production of aqueous humor (the fluid inside the eye) or by increasing its drainage.
- In some cases, laser procedures like selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) or laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) may be recommended to enhance drainage and lower intraocular pressure.
- When medications and laser therapy are insufficient, surgical procedures like trabeculectomy or shunt implantation may be considered to create alternative drainage pathways for the intraocular fluid.
The best course of action is determined by the West Coast eye care Escondido professional based on a thorough examination and diagnosis of the patient’s specific condition.
Corneal swelling is not a common occurrence, it is a rare event. Usually, corneal swelling typically resolves within a few weeks through medical treatments alone. It is rarely necessary to undergo surgical intervention, such as corneal transplantation.
If you experience corneal swelling after cataract surgery, you must contact a reputable Escondido eye care facility like Acuity Optical to receive personalized care and expert guidance.