Macular pucker, also referred to as epiretinal membrane according to Palm Desert eye care, is a condition in which a thin, membranous tissue grows over the surface of the retina. Contraction of this membrane or ‘scar tissue’ causes wrinkling of the retina and may result in subsequent swelling of the retina (macular edema).
Just as one would prefer to view a movie on a flat, smooth movie screen, clear vision depends on a smooth retina to accurately receive visual information from our environment. Without sunglasses Palm Desert, wrinkling of the retina results in distorted images, while swelling of the retina produces blurred vision. Macular pucker, according to Palm Desert eye care, typically occurs in those over age 50, and there is a slightly higher incidence in females, according to Palm Desert eye care surgeons at Acuity Optical.
In most cases, without sunglasses Palm Desert, the cause is unknown but predisposing conditions include retinal vascular disease (e.g., diabetic retinopathy), retinal tear, prior retinal detachment, and uveitis (ocular inflammation). The condition is mild in most cases and affects both eyes in approximately 25% of cases.
What are the symptoms of macular pucker?
Most epiretinal membranes are clinically insignificant and produce no symptoms or very mild visual disturbances. These membranes are often discovered on routine eye examination and present with a glistening or subtle sheen on the retinal surface.
No treatment other than periodic monitoring is required, as approximately 70% of these will remain stable without intervention or sunglasses Palm Desert. When macular pucker starts to cause symptoms, the membrane is more clearly visualized on the surface of the retina. According to Palm Desert eye care, definite wrinkling or striate of the retina are observed; the retinal blood vessels appear tortuous, when not wearing sunglasses Palm Desert, where the membrane is contracting and straightened or stretched in the surrounding areas.
According to Palm Desert eye care, this produces symptoms of varying degrees of distortion depending upon the degree and location of traction induced by the epiretinal membrane. Careful examination will often reveal retinal swelling, or macular edema, which is responsible for blurred vision. Patients often describe their condition as ‘looking through a fish tank.’